Small Dog Breeds > French Bulldog

French Bulldog

French Bulldogs are small dog breed that originated in the 1800’s as breed by English lace makers. Later, they were bred in France. At the time, they were sought after by fashionable types (e.g., artists, writers, fashion designers) and from high society ladies to Parisian prostitutes.


The dogs are loyal, affectionate and playful. They make good companion dogs, too. They can be stubborn and a challenge to train, so it’s best if the owner has patience. French Bulldogs rarely bark and when they do it’s usually to signal that they need something or are just unhappy. This dog breed is child friendly. Female dogs are particularly protective of children.

These bulldogs are muscular and have a smooth coat and compact body structure. They have large square-shaped heads with a flat skull top that’s slightly rounded. Their cheeks have well-developed muscles with very short noses. The dogs also have wide-spaced eyes placed low in the skull and bat-like ears. Their necks are thick and well-arched.

French Bulldogs require little exercise except for daily walks but they do require lots of close contact with humans. Due to their physical makeup, they are unable to regulate temperature efficiently and cannot live outdoors. The dogs are prone to heat stroke. Therefore, one should take caution when letting the dogs exercise during hot or humid weather. They do well inside houses or apartments with air conditioning, which helps them regulate their body temperature. French Bulldogs are top heavy and have difficulty swimming, so the close supervision or fencing is suggested when these dogs are allowed near pools.

Coat and Color

French Bulldogs come in a variety of colors, including tan, white, fawn, and brindle.

French Bulldogs should be bathed every couple weeks. If you sleep with your dog, then bathing should be more frequent. Their ears and faces grooves should also be cleaned regularly to prevent infections.
Height 11.5" at the withers
Weight Less than 28 lbs
Life Span 8-10 years
Temperament Loyal, affectionate, playful
Hypoallergenic No
Excessive heat can be lethal to French Bulldogs because of their compacted airways, which prevents them from effectively regulating temperature. Because of this, it’s important to make sure the dogs have access to shade and fresh water. If you’re a frequent traveler, you should know that several airlines have banned French Bulldogs from traveling in the planes because so many have died during transit. The temperature in an airplane’s cargo space can approach almost 90 degrees while waiting on the runway. The dogs also suffer from luxating patellas and back and spine diseases. In addition, they may suffer from eye problems, including corneal ulcers, glaucoma, retinal fold dysplasia, and juvenile cataracts. Many French Bulldogs are incapable of natural breeding due to their slim hips. Because of this many require artificial inseminatin. Over 80% of litters are delivered by caesarian section.

Related Dogs