Small Dog Breeds > Cavalier King Charles Spaniel

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Cavalier King Charles Spaniel

The Cavalier King Charles Spaniel is a small spaniel with the classification of toy dog. Popularity of this small dog breed is growing in the United States and it currently stands as one of the most popular breeds in the United Kingdom. Historically, they have been used as lapdogs.


The dogs are affectionate and friendly with children and other animals but require a lot of human interaction. They’re also eager to please. The dogs are highly adaptable to most environments and easily bond with both larger and smaller dogs. They’re also suitable for the elderly and medical patients as they make great companions and enjoy cuddling on laps and cushions.

These spaniels will chase anything that moves and don’t make good guard dogs because they treat most strangers as friends.

Dogs in the breed weigh between 10 and 18 pounds and stand between 12 and 13 inches at the withers.

Coat and Color

The Cavalier King Charles Spaniel has a smooth and silky coat and an undocked tail. The dog’s coat comes in tricolor, blenheim, black and tan, and ruby. They have chestnut brown markings on a white background on their backs, brown ears, and patches over their eyes.

Their coats don’t require trimming but do require weekly brushing.
Height 12-13" at the withers
Weight 10-18 lbs
Life Span 9-14 years
Temperament Affectionate, friendly
Hypoallergenic No
The most common health issue for the dogs is mitral valve disease. The end result of this disease is heart failure. Unfortunately, most Cavaliers will encounter this disease at some point in their life. Other ailments include hip dysplasia, luxating patellas, syringomyelia, and assorted hearing and vision problems.

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