Small Dog Breeds > Pomeranian

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Pomeranian

The Pomeranian is a small dog breed, specifically a toy dog, named after the Pomeranian region of Central Europe. It’s a descendant of larger German Spitz breed. The breed’s popularity dates back to the 18th century when it was popular among royalty. The dogs are friendly, lively, and playful. They enjoy being close to their owners and can be very protective of them. The dogs are very aware of their environment and will bark when noticing outside noises or stimuli. If left unchecked, the barking can become excessive.


Despite its size, the dog is sturdy. Pomeranians weigh between 4 and 8 pounds and stand 5 to 11 inches at the withers. The dogs have a life span of 12 to 16 years.

The dogs are very intelligent and are well-suited to training. They’re extroverts and love being the center of attention. Without proper training, the dogs can become aggressive.

Coat and Color

Pomeranians have an abundant and thick double coat and a plumed tail. They also have a feathery hair fringes on their hindquarters.

The breed comes in an extremely wide array of colors, including red, cream, orange, sable, tan, white, black, blue, brown, brindle, and spotted. The dogs may also have coats with any combination of the aforementioned colors. However, the most popular colors are black, orange and cream.

While the dogs are not difficult to groom, daily maintenance is recommended to maintain the coat’s quality. It’s also recommended since the dogs shed constantly. Trimming is recommended every one to two months.
Height 5-11" at the withers
Weight 4-8 lbs
Life Span 12-16 years
Temperament Extroverts, love attention
Hypoallergenic No
Pomeranians typically suffer few health issues if they’re well-bred, put on a good diet, and have sufficient exercise. Some of their ailments include luxating patella, tracheal collapse, hip dysplasia, early tooth loss, deafness, ametropia, colobomas, microphthalmia, and cryptorchidism. They may also suffer from alopecia X, which causes their skin to turn black and lose most or all of its hair.

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